Golang Channel Idioms

While learning Golang, I was fascinated with the power Golang’s goroutines and channels. Channel is a powerful tool to tackle synchronization problems in asynchronous programs. It acts as a bridge between async goroutines and can describe some complicated logic expressively. Together they can be powerful weapons in building async applications. On the other hand, when misused, they can be a nightmare to debug.

Here I’ve summarized a few of the valuable idioms of using Golang routines from multiple references as well as my own experience. They can serve as a helpful toolbox that comes in handy for similar problems. So that you don’t have to design them from scratch, which might help you avoid synchronization errors.

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Paper Reading: Understanding Real-World Concurrency Bugs in Go

Link: https://golangweekly.com/link/59972/b208593eda

A team from Penn State University and Purdue published their latest study on concurrency bugs found in Golang projects, namely large projects from Github: Docker and Kubernetes, two datacenter container systems, etcd, a distributedkey-value store system, gRPC, an RPC library, and CockroachDB and BoltDB. The authors searched commit histories of each repository to understand concurrency bug fixes for categorization and study.


  • Go’s message-passing concurrency mechanism, something Go is proud of, isn’t as easy to use as it’s generally perceived. It creates just as many bugs, if not more, than shared-memory concurrency model.
  • Shared memory synchronization is still used more in Go projects.
  • Go’s built-in race and deadlock bug detection library still cannot catch all the bugs. There’s room for more improvements.

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